Technical Information

BRICK CLEANING SYSTEMS

Bucket and Brush Cleaning
Bucket and Brush Cleaning is a method of cleaning newly constructed brick walls in both small and large jobs. A minimum amount of equipment is needed and workmen do not need to be highly skilled. Only the job foreman or supervisor need to be knowledgeable and experienced.

This method may be used for cleaning all colors and textures of brick. However, care must be used in selecting the proper cleaning solution for the job. The safest way to determine the proper cleaning solution for a given type of brick is to ask the brick manufacturer for his recommendation.

As a general policy statement, the Brick Association of the Carolinas does not recommend the use of muriatic acid to clean brick. Although muriatic acid has been used successfully in the past in select situations, too frequently its improper use has caused problems. If a request to use muriatic acid is received, permission to do so should be obtained from the brick manufacturer.

Technical Notes on Brick Construction
Technical Notes on Brick Construction are FREE bulletins that contain design, detailing, and construction information based on the latest technical developments in brick masonry. Drawings, photographs, tables, and charts illustrate appropriate topics. Most of the details in the Technical Notes are available as CAD Details on the AEC Info website.

Technical Notes on Brick Construction are recommendations on the use of fired clay brick. They are explicitly written for fired clay brick which are manufactured:

1)  from clay, shale, or similar naturally-occurring earthy substances, and
2)  with a firing process that creates a fired bond between the particles of the brick.

The properties of fired clay brick and the clay brick masonry made from them were used to establish the recommendations in these Technical Notes.  Using these recommendations with other products that are not manufactured as outlined above may not result in the same performance associated with fired clay brick masonry. Further, use of these Technical Notes for the design, installation, and maintenance of construction built with other products may in fact be detrimental to those products and the building on which they are installed. Thus, BIA does not advise the use of these recommendations with other products, including but not limited to those claiming to be similar to fired clay brick products such as “fly ash” brick, concrete brick, and other unfired or non-clay brick.

The Brick Industry Association is currently in the process of revising many of the Technical Notes. Technical content will be updated to current standards and construction practices. Other changes will include updated format, graphics, drawings, and photographs.

Technical Notes are available individually online or may be ordered as a set through the Brick Bookstore. Once registered, the purchaser of a complete set with a binder will be notified via email of new or revised Technical Notes.

Technical Notes Index

 

 1  Hot and Cold Weather Construction  June 2006
 2  Glossary of Terms Relating to Brick Construction  Mar 1999
 3  Overview of Building Code Requirements for Masonry Structures  July 2002
 3A  Brick Masonry Material Properties  Dec 1992
 3B  Brick Masonry Section Properties  May 1993
 4  Heat Transmission Coefficients of Brick Masonry Walls  Sept 1997
 4B  Energy Code Compliance of Brick Masonry Walls  Feb 2002
 5A  Sound Insulation – Clay Masonry Walls  Aug 2000
 6  Painting Brick Masonry  Dec 1985
 6A  Colorless Coatings for Brick Masonry  Aug 2008
 7  Water Penetration Resistance – Design and Detailing  Dec 2005
 7A  Water Penetration Resistance – Materials  Dec 2005
 7B  Water Penetration Resistance – Construction and Workmanship  Dec 2005
 8  Mortars for Brickwork  Jan 2008
 8B  Mortars for Brickwork – Selection and Quality Assurance  Jan 2006
 9  Manufacturing of Brick  Dec 2006
 9A  Specifications for and Classifications of Brick  Oct 2007
 9B  Manufacturing, Classifications, and Selection of Brick – Part 3  Dec 2003
 10  Dimensioning and Estimating Brick Masonry  Feb 2009
 11  Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry – Part 1  Aug 2001
 11A  Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry – Part 2  Sept 1988
 11B  Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry – Part 3  Sept 1988
 11C  Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry – Part 4  May 1998
 11D  Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry – Part 4 Continued  Sept 1988
 11E  Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry – Part 5  Sept 1991
 13  Ceramic Glazed Brick Exterior Walls  Dec 2005
 14  Paving Systems Using Clay Pavers  Mar 2007
 14A  Paving Systems Using Clay Pavers on a Sand Setting Bed  Oct 2007
 14B  Paving Systems Using Clay Pavers on a Bituminous Setting Bed  June 2010
 14C  Paving Systems Using Clay Pavers in a Mortar Setting Bed  July 2011
 14D  Permeable Clay Brick Pavements  Feb 2012
 14E  Accessible Clay Brick Pavements  July 2012
 15  Salvaged Brick  May 1988
 16  Fire Resistance of Brick Masonry  Mar 2008
 17  Reinforced Brick Masonry – Introduction  Oct 1996
 17A  Reinforced Brick Masonry – Materials and Construction  Aug 1997
 17B  Reinforced Brick Masonry – Beams  Mar 1999
 17L  Four Inch RBM Curtain and Panel Walls  Sept 1988
 17M  Reinforced Brick Masonry – Girders  Sept 1988
 18  Volume Changes – Analysis and Effects of Movement  Oct 2006
 18A  Accommodating Expansion of Brickwork  Nov 2006
 19  Residential Fireplace Design  Jan 1993
 19A  Residential Fireplaces – Details and Construction  Aug 2000
 19B  Residential Chimneys – Design and Construction  Apr 1998
 19C  Contemporary Brick Masonry Fireplaces  Oct 2001
 19D  Brick Masonry Fireplaces – Part 1, Russian-Style Heaters  June 1987
 19E  Brick Masonry Fireplaces – Part 2, Fountain and Contemporary Style Heaters  Feb 1988
 20  Cleaning Brickwork  June 2006
 21  Brick Masonry Cavity Walls  Aug 1998
 21A  Brick Masonry Cavity Walls – Selection of Materials  Feb 1999
 21B  Brick Masonry Cavity Walls – Detailing  Apr 2002
 21C  Brick Masonry Cavity Walls – Construction  Oct 1989
 23  Stains – Identification and Prevention  June 2006
 23A  Efflorescence – Causes and Prevention  June 2006
 24  The Contemporary Bearing Wall  June 2002
 24C  The Contemporary Bearing Wall – Introduction to Shear Wall Design  May 1988
 24F  The Contemporary Bearing Wall – Construction  Sept 1988
 24G  The Contemporary Bearing Wall – Detailing  Feb 1987
 26  Single Wythe Bearing Walls  Sept 1994
 27  Brick Masonry Rain Screen Walls  Aug 1994
 28  Brick Veneer/Wood Stud Walls  Nov 2012
 28A  Adding Brick Veneer to Existing Construction  Apr 2008
 28B  Brick Veneer/Steel Stud Walls  Dec 2005
 28C  Thin Brick Veneer  Apr 2014
 29  Brick In Landscape Architecture – Pedestrian Applications  July 1994
 29A  Brick In Landscape Architecture – Garden Walls  Jan 1999
 29B  Brick In Landscape Architecture – Miscellaneous Applications  May 1988
 30  Bonds and Patterns in Brickwork  Mar 1999
 31  Brick Masonry Arches  Jan 1995
 31A  Structural Design of Brick Masonry Arches  July 1986
 31B  Structural Steel Lintels  May 1987
 31C  Structural Design of Semicircular Brick Masonry Arches  Aug 1986
 36  Brick Masonry Details – Sills and Soffits  Jan 1988
 36A  Brick Masonry Details – Caps, Copings, Corbels, and Racking  Feb 2001
 39  Testing for Engineered Brick Masonry – Brick and Mortar  Nov 2001
 39A  Testing for Engineered Brick Masonry – Determination of Allowable Design Stresses  Dec 1987
 39B  Testing for Engineered Brick Masonry – Quality Control  Mar 1988
 40  Prefabricated Brick Masonry – Introduction  Aug 2001
 41  Hollow Brick Masonry  Jan 2008
 42  Empirical Design of Brick Masonry  Nov 1991
 43  Passive Solar Heating with Brick Masonry – Part 1, Introduction  June 1981
 43C  Passive Solar Cooling with Brick Masonry – Part 1, Introduction  Feb 2001
 43D  Brick Passive Solar Heating Systems – Part 4, Material Properties  Sept 1988
 43G  Brick Passive Solar Heating Systems – Part 7, Details and Construction  Sept 1986
 44  Anchor Bolts for Brick Masonry  Apr 1986
 44A  Fasteners for Brick Masonry  Aug 1997
 44B  Wall Ties for Brick Masonry  May 2003
 45  Brick Masonry Noise Barrier Walls – Introduction  July 2001
 45A  Brick Masonry Noise Barrier Walls – Structural Design  Apr 1992
 46  Maintenance of Brick Masonry  Dec 2005
 47  Condensation – Prevention and Control  June 2006
 48  Sustainability and Brick  June 2009